As we saw in the previous post in the “Timothy” series, Paul gave his protege a charge which consisted of several specific commands intended to prioritize his teaching to the leaders of the Ephesian assembly. Paul’s initial command, which he prefixed with the words “first of all,” dealt with what Timothy was to teach concerning the Christian community’s stance towards the civil authorities. This topic was first in priority because humble submission to civil authority sets the tone within the whole society for a peaceful existence for Christian families, the opportunity to truly be “salt and light” by representing Jesus’ Christ accurately, thus drawing others to Him. By consistently projecting a peaceful, non-threatening, and submissive attitude towards civil authority officials could see the Christian community as beneficial to society rather than a threat to their power. The Sanhedrin used false accusations against Jesus, that He was an immediate threat to Roman civil authority, to manipulate the Roman officials to have Jesus crucified. Jesus, on the other hand, assured Pilate that His Kingdom was not of this present world system, thus He was no threat to Rome’s civil authority. Unfortunately, in modern times, many Christians have become politically polarized and devoted to changing society externally through activism and even public disobedience. Such Christians are “salt” that has lost its distinct Christ-like savor, “It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men.”
While commanding Timothy that “petitions, prayers, pleading, and thanksgivings” are to be made concerning all those in authority, he linked this with the manner in which we are to approach God.
1 Tim. 2:8 (LGV) Accordingly, I desire the men to pray in every place raising clean hands without anger and disputing.
The word “accordingly” (οὖν) links the previous command with the desired result, that is, in accord with the submissive attitude towards government officials, the men of the assembly are to approach God with “clean hands and a pure heart.” There is little question that Paul had the following Psalm in mind here.
Psalm 24:3-5 (NKJV) 3 Who may ascend into the hill of the LORD? Or who may stand in His holy place? 4 He who has clean hands and a pure heart, Who has not lifted up his soul to an idol, Nor sworn deceitfully. 5 He shall receive blessing from the LORD, And righteousness from the God of his salvation.
It is doubtful that Paul was commanding that Christian men must assume a specific bodily position with hands raised when they pray as was a common ancient Jewish practice. The point was that when one did raise his hands in public prayer, he should have no reason for shame in approaching God, showing openly that he has “clean hands.” Having “clean hands” is a metaphor for innocence, that one has been obedient to God’s commands. Since this statement immediately follows Paul’s exhortations regarding interaction with civil authorities, and since it begins with “accordingly,” it implies innocence regarding the previous injunction which Paul placed first in priority.
The next command in priority concerned the critical role of Christian women in the home, the assembly, and the culture. If the previous command seems counter-cultural, this one is even more-so. But it should not come as a surprise given how Paul described the appalling state of Christianity in the end-times, a state that has become so normal among Christians in our time that the true biblical and apostolic standards are foreign to most.
Paul’s teaching concerning Christian women was controversial in his own time. For example, immediately following his explanation of why women should cover their heads in the assembly, he wrote: “But if anyone seems to be obstinate, such is not our practice nor the assemblies of God.” Paul anticipated some blowback and resistance about head-coverings, but cautioned those who might be inclined to resist that such obstinance is not the practice of the assemblies of God. This statement shows that the apostolic command regarding head coverings was universal among Christian assemblies.
Similarly, Paul anticipated resistance to his instructions regarding women discoursing in the mixed assembly.
1 Cor. 14:34-39 (LGV) “34 Let your women hush in the assembly, for it has not been permitted to them to discourse, but to submit themselves according as the Law also indicates. 35 But if any [women] desire to investigate, let them interrogate their own men at home. For it is disgraceful to women to discourse in the assembly. 36 Or did the Word of God come forth from you? Or did it reach unto you only? 37 If anyone presumes to be a prophet or spiritual, let him fully understand what I am writing to you, that they are the instructions of the Master. 38 Yet if anyone is ignorant, be ignorant!
Paul’s statement in v. 36, “Or did the Word of God come forth from you? Or did it reach only you?” was quite sarcastic. The implication is that their own local culture does not dictate the universal practice of the assemblies of God which existed throughout the empire across many different cultures and customs. The Christian practice regarding women was standard for all Christian assemblies regardless of local customs or traditions, and was not to be subjected to such customs but simply obeyed.
The consistent teaching of Paul and Peter regarding Christian women was willing, humble submission to her own husband in the home, in the assembly, and in the culture. Yet he was well aware that the Christian teaching regarding humble submission would be met with resistance. Despite such, Paul did not mince words.
Eph. 5:17-24 (LGV) 17 Consequently, do not be foolish, but consider what the will of the Master is. 18 And do not be drunk with wine, in which is ruin; instead be filled in breath: 19 speaking to yourselves with instrumental music, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making music to the Master with your heart, 20 offering thanks always for everything to God the Father, in the name of our Master, Jesus Anointed, 21 submitting to one another in the fear of God – 22 the Wives to [their] own husbands just like to the Master, 23 because the husband is head of the wife, just as the Anointed is head of the assembly; and He is Savior of the Body. 24 Therefore, just as the assembly is subordinate to the Anointed, so also wives [should be] to their own husbands in everything.”
The statement in v. 23, that the husband is the head of the wife, is the same reason he gave for women wearing a head covering in the assembly.
Like Paul, Peter also stressed humble submission to the governing authorities for the Lord’s sake the first priority.
1 Peter 2:11-15 (LGV) 11 Beloved ones, I beg you, as foreign residents and refugees, abstain from fleshly cravings which wage war against the soul, 12 having your behavior excellent among the nations so that in whatever ways they defame you as offenders, they should honor God in a day of examination by observing your good deeds. 13 Be submissive, then, to every human institution for the Master, whether to the king as supreme,14 or to officers being sent by him for extending judgment for evil-doers, but commendation of those who do well, 15 since this way the will of God [is accomplished]: by doing good to silence the ignorance of stupid men. … 21 For this is what you were called unto: that the Anointed suffered for us leaving us an example so that you should follow His footprints, …
Just as Paul in 1 Timothy, Peter followed the injunction to humbly submit to governing authorities with commands for Christian women to do the same with their own husbands, even if they are unbelievers.
1 Peter 3:1-6 (LGV) 1 In the same manner the women [should follow Jesus’ footsteps], being submissive to their own men so that also if any are disbelieving the Message, they might be won over by the behavior of the women without a word, 2 observing your clean, reverent behavior, 3 from whom have [their] beautification not be the external garnishing of the hair, decorations of gold, or the wearing of apparel, 4 but the hidden person of the heart in the undiminished [beautification] of a meek and calm demeanor which is highly prized in God’s sight. 5 For in this way the holy women – those hoping in God – were previously beautifying themselves, being submissive to their own men, 6 just as Sarah harkened to Abraham, calling him “master,” of whom you became [his] descendants, doing well and not fearing any consternation.
In their instructions regarding submission to authority, both Paul and Peter also instructed servants and employees in the verses that follow the above. In all of the commands for Christians to be humbly submissive to whomever God has placed in authority over us, the reasons are clearly stated. It is always that in doing so we project the same humble obedience that Christ Himself had to the will of the Father. God has a plan to use us to project certain aspects of His character and plan, to submit to our place in His plan, so that His will in the world is accomplished through us just as it was accomplished through His Son.
In our day the biblical commands regarding humble submission to God-ordained authority are scorned, not only in the culture, but also within the Christian community. Most Christian leaders are afraid to boldly teach the truth among their own congregations. Because the Christian community has become so much like the world, taking a stand on the issue of submission brings an avalanche of scorn upon any “Timothy” who dares teach what Paul instructed Timothy to teach.
Here are Paul’s instructions regarding what a “Timothy” must teach about Christian women. It is the same as what Peter wrote above.
1 Tim. 2:9-15 (LGV) 9 In the same way [I desire] the women to adorn themselves in clothing arranged with modesty and sensibility, not with plaited hair, or with gold, or with pearls, or with elaborate clothing, 10 but [with] what is proper for women claiming reverence for God, [adorning themselves] through good deeds. 11 Have the women learn in quietness with all subjection. 12 I do not permit a woman to teach or be independent of man, but to be in quietness. 13 For Adam was first formed, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not deceived. But the woman, having been deceived, has become in violation. 15 Yet, she shall be rescued by the child-bearing if they continue in faith, love, and purity with sensibility.
The command is for Christian women to be modest in appearance and manner, to allow their inner beauty to shine brightly rather than external modifications. Learning in quietness means more than not teaching or holding authority in a mixed gathering. It also means to be agreeable, willing to allow the men to lead, not opinionated or pushy.
The usual objections to the biblical teachings regarding Christian women’s roles and behavior is that such was applicable to ancient cultures, but not to ours. Yet neither Peter nor Paul appealed to culture (which is relative) but to unchanging theological considerations. In 1 Corinthians 11 and Ephesians 5 his instructions were based upon the theological fact that the husband is the head of the wife. In 1 Corinthians 11:10 his instruction is also based on the fact that the angels are observing the assembly. The sin of the fallen angels was insubordination regarding their assigned rank, and the local assembly is one of the channels by which God’s wisdom is declared to the “principalities and powers.” In 1 Corinthians 14:37 Paul stated regarding his instructions about women, “what I am writing to you, that they are the instructions of the Master.”
In 1 Timothy 2:13-14 Paul wrote two theological principles that undergird these commands.
1. “For Adam was first formed, then Eve.
2. And Adam was not deceived. But the woman, having been deceived, has become in violation.”
The first reason concerns the creation itself, that Eve was created to be a helper to Adam. Being first in sequence always implies first in priority, whether it refers to parents and children or birth order. This principle derived from the creation of the first couple is applied by Paul to all Christian couples.
The second reason given, that Eve was deceived and the first to sin, implies that all of Eve’s daughters inherit Eve’s punishment. This is evident from the fact that women still greatly suffer in childbirth.
Genesis 3:16 (NKJV) 16 To the woman He said: “I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; In pain you shall bring forth children; Your desire shall be for your husband, And he shall rule over you.”
Just as the curse upon Adam continues for all men – working by the sweat of the brow to supply food for his family until he returns to dust – so also the curse upon Eve remains upon all women until the curse is removed when Christ’s Kingdom arrives.
Note especially verse 15. “Yet, she shall be rescued by the child-bearing if they continue in faith, love, and purity with sensibility.” The verb translated “she shall be rescued” is future tense, third-person, singular, and its antecedent is Eve. But “they continue” is third-person plural referring to Christian women. In other words, Paul stated that “Eve” (the feminine gender) can be rescued from her assigned curse only if her Christian daughters do not follow in her insubordinate footsteps, but rather “continue in faith, love, and purity with sensibility.” In this context it means to humbly, willingly, and joyfully submit to her biblical role. The mechanism whereby “Eve” can be rescued from her punishment is found within the punishment itself – childbirth. Bringing forth and raising daughters to willingly embrace the curse and their roles as women of God will multiply the throng of godly women in the resurrection and inheritance. This female throng will consist of those who follow in the footsteps of Sarah and the godly women of old. “For in this way the holy women – those hoping in God – were previously beautifying themselves, being submissive to their own men, just as Sarah harkened to Abraham, calling him “master,” of whom you became [his] descendants, doing well and not fearing any consternation.”
In case no one is paying attention, our modern society is in open rebellion against all God-ordained authority structures. The latest lurch toward trans-genderism is merely the complete rejection of God-assigned biological gender. This has quickly progressed after complete rejection of family structure and sexual order found in the glorification of homosexuality. God’s first institution was the nuclear family of husband and wife who are charged with bearing and raising children to submit to God. The rejection of the headship between husband and wife is the first step away from God ordained order on the path that leads to transgenderism, and eventually will even reach the glorification of the sexual exploitation of children.
The Christian community at large has already rejected the first and primary institution of the biblical nuclear family. While some Christian denominations have openly accepted homosexuality and transgenderism, even ordaining such as pastors, others are not far behind by rejecting the biblical prohibitions on women pastors and elders. Head coverings (which was the common Christian interpretation and practice until the women’s rights movement) went by the wayside nearly a century ago.
The question is this: If male Christian leaders are not willing to be a “Timothy” and publicly teach the biblical instructions and the reasons for them regarding godly women, who will? Those few who take a stand and teach the above biblical doctrines will most definitely be castigated, fired, mocked and ridiculed by Christians. That also applies in many cases to those who teach humble submission to the governing authorities. Trust me, I know first-hand regarding both of these topics. This is one of the reasons why genuine “Timothys” are so badly needed as we approach the end times when the “bride” is supposed to make herself ready, when the wise virgins are supposed to be securing the necessary oil for the vigil immediately ahead. A real “Timothy” won’t buckle or retreat. He will not twist, ignore, or apologize for Scripture in order to patronize the women in the assembly or the men who do patronize them.
Finally, it is really up to perceptive Christian women to begin a counter-cultural movement in our times to rescue Eve. She is in great distress right now, in far worse shape than when she first listened to the whispering of the serpent. Back then Eve sinned in ignorance. Now she sins in open defiance against God. Paul has an assignment for bold Christian women seeking to fulfill their gifts and assigned role in rescuing Eve.
Titus 2:3-5 (LGV) 3 The older women similarly [are to have] appropriately reverent behavior, not gossips, not having been enslaved to much wine, but teachers of the good 4 so that they may disciple the young women to be affectionate to their husbands and to their children, 5 sensible, pure, guards of the home, good, submissive to their own husbands so that the word of God should not be blasphemed.”
While this blog is a call for men to become a “Timothy” and faithfully uphold sound teaching for the end times, it also includes a call for Christian women to take up the challenge of rescuing Eve, to organize and become “teachers of the good,” instructing the younger Christian women and consistently modeling the above behaviors to their daughters, in the assemblies and fellowships, and in the culture. It will take a great deal of strength of character and endurance of scorn from other women. Peter was aware of the difficulty facing women who follow these commands. This is why when giving this assignment to Christian women he wrote: “For in this way the holy women – those hoping in God – were previously beautifying themselves, being submissive to their own men, just as Sarah harkened to Abraham, calling him “master,” of whom you became [his] descendants, doing well and not fearing any consternation. Fearing consternation means being intimidated by others to go along and not stand out, being a coward rather than standing for what is right regardless of ridicule, enduring it because one is determined to follow Christ’s footsteps who also endured the ridicule. This was Peter’s point in the verses that follow in 1 Pet. 3:14-18.
 John 19:1-15
 John 18:33-38
 Matt. 5:13 (NKJV)
 That is, in the absence of disputing over myths, genealogies, etc. See: 1 Tim. 1:3-7.
 Psalm 28:2; Psalm 63:4
 2 Tim. 3:1-13
 1Cor. 11:16 (LGV)
 1 Cor. 11:3
 Continuing the thought of following in Jesus’ footsteps from ch. 2:21
 That is, weaving gold or other ornaments into the hair. Here and in 1 Pet 3:3, women were forbidden from seeking attention by doing elaborate things with their hair. However in 1 Cor. 11:15 Paul said that her long hair was a “glory to her,” and was given to her in place of a luxurious mantle. It is clear therefore that a woman’s long hair was to be viewed as a God-given thing of beauty and attractiveness. However, taking this to excess becomes a thing of vanity. The assembly was no place for extravagance and drawing attention to one’s self. Therefore, her natural “glory” was to be veiled, so as not to distract from the glory of Jesus or her husband (1 Cor. 11:2-16).
 αὐθεντεῖν – from “autos” (self) and “hentes” (a worker). Strong defines it as “to act of one’s self.” That is, to act independently. This word appears only here in the NT.
 The use of the perfect tense indicates a present state arising from a past action. The result of Eve’s violation remains for all of her daughters. Paul was not implying that women in general are more easily deceived, but rather that women in general must suffer the consequences of Eve’s deception. This should not be considered strange since women in general suffer pain in childbirth also as a result of Eve’s sin (Gen. 3:16). Likewise, men in general must eat of the ground “in toil” all his days because of Adam’s sin (Gen. 3:17). Thus, the penalty on Adam affects all of his sons and the penalty on Eve affects all of her daughters.
 See verse 9 where this term is a synonym for modesty (without extravagance or excess).
 The Greek word here and in verse 12 does not mean “silence” (without uttering a word) as in the KJV & NKJV, but rather a state of calm, peace, and rest. This is virtually always the meaning in the LXX. The sense here is to learn without being the cause of any commotion, distraction, or dispute, being peaceful, subordinate, and respectful. That it does not mean total silence is shown from 2 Thess. 3:12 where employees were instructed to work with their own hands in “quietness.” Women were forbidden from challenging or interrogating the speaker with leading questions, as was commonly done by the men in the synagogue. (See 1 Cor. 14:34 where the prohibition is against “lalw” – present an argument, speak with authority, make a declaration, or to offer a contrary opinion).
 Jude 1:6
 Rom. 8:20-25
 1 Pet. 3:5